The first phase of Napoli Afragola Station – the new gateway to the south of Italy – has been inaugurated by prime minister Paolo Gentiloni.
The new rail station at Napoli Afragola is designed as one of southern Italy’s key interchange stations serving four high speed inter-city lines, three inter-regional lines and a local commuter line.
In addition to the planned high speed rail services connecting Bari and Reggio Calabria with the north of Italy and Europe, by 2022 new rail infrastructure will create an important hub at Napoli Afragola serving the entire Campania region by integrating the southern expansion of Italy’s high-speed rail network with the Napoli Cancello line and the Circumvesuviana commuter railway extension.
Located at this major intersection, Napoli Afragola connects the 15 million residents of Campania, Puglia, Molise, Calabria and Sicily in southern Italy with the national rail network in the north and the rest of Europe. It also enables goods and passengers from Europe and northern Italy to access the southern ports of Gioia Tauro, Taranto, Bari, Brindisi, Palermo and Augusta.
To meet future demand for rail travel throughout the region (which has increased by 50% in the past decade) the Napoli Afragola station is within the new north/south rail corridor in the east of the greater Napoli metropolitan area that will be wholly integrated with local and regional rail services.
Once all lines are operational, 32,700 passengers are expected to use the station every day (approximately 12 million passengers each year) with 4,800 commuters using the station each morning and evening rush-hour. 28 high-speed trains serving each direction will stop at Napoli Afragola daily, providing an express service in each direction every 30 minutes (40 minutes outside peak times), with approximately 700 passengers planned to alight or board from each platform. A further 200 regional and local train services will call at Napoli Afragola daily, creating a key interchange within the national, regional and local rail networks.
Public train services at the €60m interchange station began on 11 June 2017. Initially with 18 high speed trains in each direction serving 10,000 passengers per day, services will increase to 28 trains in each direction as new infrastructure and further phases of the station come on line.
Located 12km north of Naples, Afragola station is also planned to serve its local communities of Acerra, Afragola, Caivano, Casalnuovo di Napoli, and Casoria that vary in population from 10,000 to 50,000 residents. Afragola will be an intermodal hub, relieving congestion in the city centre and will not replace the existing Napoli Centrale terminus.
Designed as an urbanised public bridge connecting the communities on either side of the railway, the station is defined by the circulation routes of passengers, minimising distances for those embarking and alighting at Napoli Afragola as well those passengers connecting to different train services.
The design enlarges the public walkway over the eight railway tracks to such a degree that this walkway becomes the station’s main passenger concourse – a bridge housing all the services and facilities for departing, arriving and connecting passengers, with direct access to all platforms below.
The paths of passengers have also determined the geometry of the spaces within. Large entrances at both ends of the station welcome and guide visitors up to the elevated public zones lined with shops and other amenities. Visitors from either side of the station meet in a central atrium overlooked by cafes and restaurants. This central atrium above the railway tracks is a much-needed new public space for Afragola and the main concourse where rail passengers descend to the platforms.
The station has been constructed as a reinforced concrete base supporting the elevated concourse of steel ribs clad in Corian®, with a glazed roof. Construction began 2015.
The concrete used within the station is a specific composition that provides optimum performance, with curved structural concrete elements built using technologies initially developed for the construction of the MAXXI Museum in Rome: its wooden formwork replaced by prefabricated steel units, and doublecurves realised with formwork created from CNC milled polystyrene models.
Designed as an extrusion of a trapezoid along a 450m curved path, the elevated concourse is made of 200 differently shaped steel ribs that are clad in Corian®, with a glazed roof.
The main concourse of the station is oriented to benefit the building’s ecological sustainability. Integrated solar panels in the roof, combined with natural light and ventilation as well as ground source cooling/heating systems will enable the station to minimise energy consumption.
“This extraordinary station is the work of a great architect and of enormous strategic value,” explained Gioia Ghezzi president of Ferrovie dello Stato, Italian state railways. “We wanted to build a station that is not only for transit but which, over time, will be a source of renewal for the south, creating jobs and growth.”
“Any great country needs great projects that are a leap forward,” said Italian prime minister Paolo Gentiloni. “The new station at Afragola is the foundation of the infrastructure program that promotes economic development in the south.”
“We have allocated €47 billion over 12 years and the vast majority of this investment is for new rail infrastructure, which will contribute to sustained growth in southern Italy,” continued prime minister Gentiloni. “With this inauguration, we send a message that Italy is moving, the country is growing. Here is a wonderful combination of artistic and engineering expertise.”
FACTS, FIGURES & CHRONOLOGY
Project name Stazione Alta Velocitá di Napoli Afragola
Location Napoli Afragola, Italy
Competition win 2003
Start of construction May 2015
Completion (Phase 1) June 6, 2017
Client Rete Ferroviaria Italiana S.P.A.
Program Train station Retail Hospitality
Users 32,700 passengers per day, the new station serves a population of over 3 million people living north of Napoli, Caserta, Avellino and Benevento
Travel time Rome-Napoli 55 minutes
Total floor area 30,000 m2
Site area 190,000 m2
Retail/hospitality area 10,000 m2
Car park 1,500 parking spaces, 15 bus ranks
Main materials 30,000 m3 of concrete 4,500 T of steel 5,600 T of metal carpentry 20,000 m2 of cladding panel 6,000 m2 of glass façade/cladding Client RFI S.p.A. (Rete Ferroviaria Italiana)
Architect Zaha Hadid Architects
Design Zaha Hadid & Patrik Schumacher
Project Director Filippo Innocenti
Project Associate Roberto Vangeli
Project Architect (Competition Phase) Filippo Innocenti Paola Cattarin
Site Supervision Team Marco Guardincerri Michele Salvi Pasquale Miele (BC, Building Consulting)
Design Team Michele Salvi; Federico Bistolfi; Cesare Griffa; Paolo Zilli; Mario Mattia; Tobias Hegemann; Chiara Baccarini; Alessandra Bellia; Serena Pietrantonj; Roberto Cavallaro; Karim Muallem; Luciano Letteriello; Domenico Di Francesco; Marco Guardincerri; Davide Del Giudice.
Competition Team Fernando Perez Vera; Ergian Alberg; Hon Kong Chee; Cesare Griffa; Karim Muallem; Steven Hatzellis Thomas Vietzke; Jens Borstelmann; Robert Neumayr; Elena Perez; Adriano De Gioannis; Simon Kim; Selim Mimita.
Structural Engineering and Geotechnics Akt – (Hanif Kara, Paul Scott) Interprogetti – (Giampiero Martuscelli)
Environmental Engineering, M&E Max Fordham – (Henry Luker, Neil Smith) Studio Reale – (Francesco Reale, Vittorio Criscuolo Gaito) Building Regulation, Co-ordination Local Team Interplan 2 Srl – (Alessandro Gubitosi)
Costing Building Consulting – (Pasquale Miele) Fire Safety Macchiaroli & Partners Srl – (Roberto Macchiaroli)
Landscape Design Gross Max – (Eelco Hooftman)
Transport Engineering JMP – (Max Matteis)
Acoustic Design Paul Guilleron Acustics – (Paul Guilleron)
Construction Design Sair-Geie – (Prof. Ing. F. Sylos Labini; Ing D. Sylos Labini); Rocca Bacci Associati
Contractor Ati Astaldi s.p.A (Astaldi S.p. A; NBI S.p.A)