The Orquidário Professor Ruth Cardoso has its architecture inspired by the “habitat” forms of African, indigenous and pre-Columbian cultures. I studied the solutions with which these cultures exercised the mastery and transformation of nature, identifying the way to achieve diffused lighting and permanent aeration using constructive processes and forms consistent with techniques already incorporated in these cultures.
Thus the forms found in several African, Brazilian and pre-Columbian communities that used zenith opening for controlled entry of light and permanent ventilation, made of earth, assume, through the current technology of steel and transparent skins of glass and plastic, the drawing of an OCA DIÁFANA, pierced by light.
A hollowed beam, arched, structures the shape and suggests the scale of the orchid offering the volume of air necessary for the permanent displacement of the air, necessary the delicacy of the Orchids.
On both sides of this hollow arc are articulated the series of curved trusses supported in the ring of semi circular plant locked by horizontal meridians that configure the forms of quarter of sphere of orchid.
On the one hand, the insertion of this curved metallic structure takes place on the upper flange of the beam and on the other side, on the lower flange, allowing the air to escape through the openings of the concrete master arc, which thus performs the function of permanent ventilation.
Its implantation follows the lesson of the implantations of the pre-Columbian habitat, found in Brazil that semi buried the dwellings to protect themselves from the strong wind and only the coverings appeared.
Likewise, in Villa-Lobos Park, the orchid level is implanted 1.5 meters below the land line accessed by generous ramp from the entrance. This solution naturally creates a basement, at 1.20 of the level of the Park, where it lands the transparent hollow shape that configures the orchid. Its scale integrates with the free space of the Park and is harmoniously related to the other buildings of the Park and the water tower.
Thus the design of the Orquidário conceived as “OCA DIÁFANA”, honors Professor Ruth Cardoso with the contemporary expression of primitive cultures that, as an anthropologist studied and as a citizen always defended.
Author of the Project – Architect Decio Tozzi
Project Coordination – Nelson Pinto Barbedo Filho and Midori Hatanaka
Development of the Executive Project – João Paulo Payar and Rafael Britch
Collaborators – Architect Stefani Samara and Architect Natalia Necco
Indoor Landscaping – André Graziano
Consulting Fence – Aluparts – Engº Nelson Firmino
Structure Project – Veirano and Alves – Engº Marcelo Veirano
Design of Buildings – Etip – Eng Airton Souza Lobo Vianna
Photography – Cristiano Mascaro